The world is headed "down a dangerous path" with disruption of the food system possible within a decade as climate change undermines nations' ability to feed themselves, according to a senior World Bank official.
Climate Change & Adaptation
This NTS Issues Brief is based on the proceedings of the Expert Group Meeting on the Impact of Climate Change on ASEAN Food Security held in June 2013. The Meeting called for higher priority to be given to research on climate shifts at national and local scales, as well as greater focus on agricultural R&D. It also highlighted the need for resource and knowledge inputs from actors throughout food value chains in the region.
Click here to read the NTS Issues Brief
More storm surges in Metro Manila. Unending flash floods deluge Central Luzon. Devastating landslides bury communities in Compostela Valley and Baguio City.Small islands erase from the map. What next? By Henrylito D. Tacio
Manilla July 8 2013.
Not so, according to the newly-released World Bank report, “Getting a Grip on Climate Change in the Philippines."
“The Philippines is the third most vulnerable country to weather-related extreme events, earthquakes, and sea level rise.
The country’s exposure to extreme weather conditions adversely affects people’s lives, especially those in high-risk urban and coastal areas.
Food security is threatened as land and nursery areas for plant, trees, and fisheries are affected by climate change,” said Secretary Mary Ann Lucille Sering of the Climate Change Commission (CCC).
Although climate change affects everyone, it is the poor who are generally affected.
“Informal settlers, which account for 45 percent of the Philippines’ urban population, are particularly vulnerable to floods due to less secure infrastructure, reduced access to clean water, and lack of health insurance,” the World Bank report pointed out As disaster-prone country, the Philippines is already feeling the impacts of climate change.
“By virtue of its location, climate, and topography, the Philippines is exposed to a range of climate-related hazards,” the report said.
“Sixteen of its provinces are among the top 50 most vulnerable regions in Southeast Asia.
Some of the climate-related impacts which are projected to increase in the coming decades:
- More intense typhoons, whose storm surges will be superimposed on higher sea levels. Storm surges are projected to affect about 14 percent of the total population and 42 percent of the coastal population.
- A 30-centimeter sea level rise by 2040 is expected to reduce rice production in the region’s major rice growing areas by about 2.6 million tons per year.
- Warming oceans and ocean acidification affect coral reefs, which serve as important feeding and spawning grounds for many fish species that support the livelihoods of fisher folk.
As the country is vulnerable to the effects of climate change, the report urges the government to implement “the measures needed to protect itself against ever-increasing climate change and variability.
The report cited the current Philippines Development Plan, which aims to accelerate annual economic growth of the country to 7-8 percent.
“Unless it is planned and carried out with accommodation to future climate change in mind, the development plan could be locked into infrastructure development, land use changes and urbanization processes that are more vulnerable to climate risks,” the report explained.
Since the process of developing institutions to implement climate reforms can be lengthy, the report suggested: “The time to start acting is now.
Scientists attribute climate change to the rise in global temperature brought about by increased emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. Increased emissions of these gases have been attributed to human activities such as burning of fossil fuels in motor vehicles and power plants, degradation of forests, and change in land use.
Globally, the Philippines is a minor global contributor to climate change. But it is the third most vulnerable country to weather-related extreme events, earthquakes, and sea level rise on a worldwide basis.
“The Philippines’ greenhouse emissions rank in the top 25 percent of low and middle income countries, with significant increases projected in the coming decades,” the report said.
“Emissions from the energy sector are projected to quadruple by 2030, and the transport sector is expected to double its emissions,” the report added.
In the report’s foreword, Sering reiterated: “For the Philippines to reduce poverty, accelerate economic growth, and create jobs, it is therefore necessary to address the country’s vulnerabilities to climate change. This can be accomplished by reducing the exposure and improving the adaptive capacity of communities are risk,” she pointed out.
For more information on the report, go to: http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/EAP/Philippines/Final%20ExReport.pdf
Developing nations fear the effects of climate change as much as any of us - but ensure economic development does not aggravate the problem is a major hurdle for them to overcome.
Policies to increase food security in the global South focus too much on rural food production and not enough on ensuring poor people can access and afford food, especially in urban areas, says a report published today by the International Institute for Environment and Development.
New climate change adaptation system. Developing countries - Africa and South Asia - especially will benefit from the new systems that track the social impacts of efforts to adapt to climate change.
Deforestation causes huge social and environmental negative impacts. This happened in December last year in the cities of Cagayan de Oro and Iligan. It happened again this year – also in December – in Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental.
Despite lavish promises in 2009, with over US$30 billion pledged to help mitigate climate change in developing countries, a shameful 20 percent of that amount is all that has been turned into action on the ground. Report by IIED.
Kyoto Protocol is referred to in this statement by The Gambia on behalf of the Least Developed Countries and the Alliance of Small Island States
The latest Environmental rankings are out. Many of the usual villians have changed little in their rankings, indicating personal pleasure and advancement is over-ruling sensible behaviour.
Global Environmental Outlook (GEO-5), launched ahead of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in Brazil, assessed 90 of the most important environmental goals and objectives and found that significant progress had only been made in four.
Surface mining that blasts away mountain tops to reveal the underlying coal has turned many small West Virginian communities into ghost towns, literally inverting their eco-systems. Emissions from old coal smokestacks in Chicago create thick layers of dust and are believed to cause asthma. The voices of women in these communities is being brought to the forefront during two Gender and Climate Justice Tribunals, the first in the North America organised by the Feminist Task Force of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty.
Scientists and coal miners have discovered a huge fossilised forest in the United States that existed tens of millions of years before the dinosaurs. Studying the remains of this ecosystem, which was wiped out by flooding over 300 million years ago, could provide clues about modern climate change.
The Green Disc – a great resource about innovative technologies for developing countries and small island states – is now available online. The site is meant to be a one-stop online location for researchers to post data and information about potential solutions to energy and environmental issues. Topics include space-based solar power, tidal energy, using algae as biomass and much more.
The public and private sectors need to collaborate more, according to the head of the UNFCC Christiana Figueres, to bring down the cost of clean energy technologies like solar and wind.
Which country has the largest carbon footprint in Asia-Pacific? The World Wildlife Fund has just released the answer . . . .
Top scientists are urging governments to replace GDP as a measure of wealth, end damaging subsidies and transform systems of governance to set humanity on a new path to a better future. Otherwise, we risk climate, biodiversity and poverty crises that will spawn greater problems worldwide.
Leading scientists and experts in sustainable development call for urgent changes to tackle environmental crises and improve human well-being. The group – all past winners of the Blue Planet Prize – are challenging governments ahead of the Rio+20 Summit later this year to limit human-induced climate change, stop the loss of biodiversity and halt ecosystem degradation.
The effect of a 4deg rise in temperature on the water-dependent Asian region could be catastrophic. The UK’s Meteorological Office has put together an interactive map that shows what the effects could be.
Climate Change is bad for the planet, most of us agree. But it also presents some serious and pressing issues when it comes to national security.